A as in Anaphylaxis

Auto Injectors – Current Issues

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Before I am talking about the two main issues in the UK with the AAI, I am listing the key facts about the 3 different AAI (Adrenaline Auto Injectors) available in the UK, EpiPen (R), JEXT and the Emerade. The latter is the latest addition to the market and comes in 3 doses and 2 needle sizes, which is unique.

Here is the summary of the key features:

Adrenaline Auto Injectors – UK Market 05/2014

EpiPen ®

Shelf life: 18 months (day of production to expiry date)

Dosage: Junior 0.15mg (>15kg-30kg body weight) and adult 0.3mg (>/= 30kg body weight)

Technique: Make fist and hold pen with firm grip in dominant hand, place away from upper outer thigh approx. 10cm, push in firmly, hold for 10 sec (count: 1 elephant, 2 elephants,…), rub in for 10 sec.

Storage: Room temperature. Not in fridge, not in car, not in hot places.

Excerpt from: http://www.epipen.co.uk/patient/

 

JEXT ®

Shelf life: 18 months (day of production to expiry date)

Dosage: Junior 0.15mg (>15kg-30kg body weight) and adult 0.3mg (>/= 30kg body weight)

Technique: Push firmly against the outer portion of the thigh. When you push Jext firmly against your thigh, a spring activated plunger will be released, which pushes the hidden needle through the seal at the end of the black needle shield, into the thigh muscle and injects a dose of adrenaline. Leave in for 10sec, rub in for 10sec.

Storage: Although Jext does not need any special storage instructions, it should be handled with care ensuring that it does not freeze.

Excerpt from: http://www.jext.co.uk/what-is/jext.aspx

 

Emerade ®

Shelf life: 30 months (day of production to expiry date)

Dosage: 0.15mg, 0.3mg (long needle), 0.5mg (long needle)

Technique: Press against the thigh. Hold for 5 sec. Then, massage the injection site lightly.

Storage: There is no upper temperature restriction. It may be kept cold but no not freeze.

Excerpt from: http://ww.emerade.com

 

Please keep in mind when receiving a prescription of any of the AAI, ensure you and everyone else taking care of the patient (including nursery staff, school staff, friends, family members) is properly trained on the device. Especially, when the prescription was changed to a different brand.

Also, regularly check expiration dates and repeatedly practice on the training device.

 Current issues with the AAI:

A shortage has been reported in regards to the EpiPen and the Jext. Read the Anaphylaxis Campaign’s statement here:

http://www.anaphylaxis.org.uk/living-with-anaphylaxis/news/adrenaline-auto-injectors-supply—-epipen-and-jext

Unfortunately, there is no mention of the Emerade, which is the latest addition to the UK market. Their manufacturer is currently trying to satisfy rising demand by increasing their capacities as soon as possible.

The reason for the shortage of the AAI in the UK may be due to the fact that EpiPen has been increasingly demanded since Jext had issues with their AAI end of last year/beginning of this year.

Moreover, the AAI are currently under investigation by the European Medicines Agency. Read the Anaphylaxis Campaign’s Statement here: http://www.anaphylaxis.org.uk/living-with-anaphylaxis/news/adrenaline-auto-injectors-to-be-reviewed-by-the-european-medicines-agency

From the Notice of Action, it seems the Regulators will be taking investigation into the needle sizes. In other words: Do AAI on the UK market fulfill the requirement of safe and efficient administration (true i.m. injection of the right amount) of adrenaline into the patient’s muscle? I am sure we will be hearing much more about the needle size issue.

What are your thoughts? Do these issues bother you? Would like to hear about your concerns.

Disclaimer:

The information provided is given in good faith. Every effort has been taken to ensure accuracy. All patients are different, and specific cases need specific advise. There is no substitute for good medical advice provided by an allergy specialist.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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allergy*Stars, RECIPES

Last minute Easter bunnies…

With these tasty and easy cookie cutter biscuits, you ensure inclusion and fun for everyone!

 

Happy Easter! Buona Pasqua!Frohe Ostern! Happy Easter! Buona Pasqua!Frohe Ostern! Happy Easter! Buona Pasqua!Frohe Ostern!Happy Easter! Buona Pasqua!Frohe Ostern!

Easter Bunny Biscuits-free from the eight major food allergens. Enjoy. Courtesy of allergy*Stars.com

Easter Bunny Biscuits-free from the eight major food allergens. Enjoy.
Courtesy of allergy*Stars.com

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allergy*Stars

WELCOME TO WWW.ALLERGYSTARS.COM

ALLERGY*STARS LTD.

TRAINING*COACHING*CONSULTING

… leading the way to an allergy friendly life…

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Dear customers,

Thank you very much for visiting us today.

Our website is currently under refurbishment. We apologise for any inconvenience this may cause. We are working hard to provide you with the latest food allergy news and all about our quality training programs shortly.

If you have any enquiries, please contact us on:

info@allergystars.com

follow us on twitter @allergystars

Phone: 07572.320024

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RECIPES

Butternut Squash Soup

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I just saw this post from the great Lucy from Lucy’s friendly foods, and I got reminded that back in October, I took a couple of pics of our favourite soup… So here it is…An all time favorite in our house, and i am happy to share this easy and versatile recipe with you.

Ingredients:

1 Medium Butternut Squash or 1 large Hokkaido Sqash

1 Boiling potato

1 TBSP Olive Oil

1 Medium Red Onion

1 Clove of Garlic

1/4 tsp Cinnamon

1/4 tsp Sugar

1/2 tsp Salt

Chilli Powder if desired

2 TBSP Balsamico Vinegar

a Handful of Lentils (we prefer Beluga lentils)

1/2 -1 litre Stock (we use Kallo Onion Stock)

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Directions:

Cut and peel the squash and potato, onion and garlic. In a large saucepan, heat 1 TBSP of olive oil on medium heat together with the onion and the garlic. Add sugar and spices. Add Squash and potato and let caramelize on medium heat. Turn Squash occasionally. Add broth until Squash is covered. Cover and let boil on low heat until thoroughly cooked. Blitz the Soup and place back in Saucepan. Add Vinegar and boil on low to get the acidity out of the soup for approx. 15min. In the meantime, place enough water in another saucepan to cook the lentils. Add salt at the very end, otherwise it will prevent the lentils from cooking thoroughly. Serve soup with lentils. You might like to add other ingredients like salmon, sour cream (not dairy free), coriander or shrimp. a hint of Pumpkin Butter/Oil works very well, too.

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Enjoy!

 

 

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Egg allergy

Egg allergy and the MMR – is it safe?

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Among the allergy community, there is a lot of doubt and uncertainty about the safety of the MMR vaccine in egg allergic children. This post sums up the latest research and recommendations.

What is the MMR?

The MMR Vaccine protects from measles, mumps and rubella. It is given around 12 month of age and again around 3 to 5 years of age. It is an active virus, consisting of weakened forms of the viruses.

Why is there a concern about giving the vaccine to egg allergic children?

The vaccine is cultured on embryo chick fibroblasts.

Though, it does not contain any hen’s egg protein. If traces of hen’s egg protein are detected, they are highly processed and their concentration is very low.

Recent studies:

MMR vaccination of children with egg allergy is safe:

a danish study published in 2013, investigating 32 children with egg allergy who had been referred to get their mmr vaccination (Priorix MMR) at hospital. None of the children had severe reactions

A review of a pediatric emergency department vaccination programme for patients at risk of allergy/anaphylaxis

Published in September last year, the authors claim their study being  “one of the largest studies looking at childhood vaccinations performed in a hospital setting for children who are ‘at risk’ of allergy, anaphylaxis or hypersensitivity”. A total of 374 patients (with a medical history of anaphylaxis, allergic reaction or strong suspicion of a severe adverse reaction against egg) contributed to the findings. All of the children received their vaccinations in a hospital setting. “Only six patients (1.3%) experienced an immediate reaction to a vaccination. All reactions were minor”. The authors conclude that “A significant number of referrals were unwarranted and the majority could have been safely managed in the community”.

Latest expert opinion (BSACI, 2007):

BSACI Recommendations for Combined Measles, Mumps and Rubella (MMR) Vaccination in Egg-Allergic children:

The MMR has an excellent safety-record and may be administered to all egg-allergic children in a primary care setting. As with any other immunisation, adrenaline should be readily available in case of rare and unpredictable anaphylaxis. MMR should be postponed if child is unwell. A hospital based application is necessary after a previous severe reaction to a vaccination (MMR or other) after a specialist assessment. It might be possible that the reaction occured due to an allergy to other components of the shot (gelatine (beef and lamb allergy) or antibiotics (neomycin or other)).

Other vaccinations and egg allergy:

Flu vaccine: updated every year, the content level of ovalbumin, varies every year, some jabs do not contain egg. A split dose (1/10 of single dose, than 9/10 of dose) of the vaccine might be an option. Consult your GP or specialist for up to date advise.

Yellow fever vaccine: unsuitable for children with egg allergy

So what is the verdict?

Latest research suggests that the likelihood for an egg-allergic child to react to the MMR vaccine is about the same as to any other non-egg containing vaccine. Reactions are rare but non predictable due to other substances like gelatine and antibiotics.

Even though the MMR seems to be a safe shot, it is always recommended to seek advise from your specialist if in any doubt. Every child reacts differently and the risk profile of your allergic child can be best assessed by your trusted allergist.

Sources: the anaphylaxis campaign, nhs choices, pubmed, bupa, bsaci

Please note that this post does not imply any medical advise. Please always consult your specialist.

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A as in Anaphylaxis

Introducing: THE Hepi DAY…

courtesy of evolve-trainingsolutions.co.uk

THE Hepi DAY:
Every 10th of the month, we will take out our trainer pen and practice, practice, practice! Plus, take the opportunity to look through your emergency kit for out of date products.
Let’s get this Epipen Training going! Studies show you have to constantly practice to be prepared and able to use your adrenaline pen correctly! Why the tenth? To remind us to leave the needle in for 10 seconds…
Stay hepi
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RECIPES

Grand Marnier Icing

Grand Marnier Icing

A true treat for grown ups! A smooth frosting taken to another level by adding a splash of Grand Marnier. Chocolate and orange resembles a very distinguished combination. B.A. (before allergybabe), I used to whip up a very nice and rich mousse au chocolate from scratch, and I always added a couple of teaspoons of orange liquor. Happy days… .

Try this frosting with my chocolate chip cupcakes for an instant soul-hug. Works every time!

Ingredients:

3/4 cup dairy-free spread ( I use pure sunflower spread)
2 2/3 cups powdered sugar (be careful, some contain egg!)

1 Tbsp Grand Marnier
1 tsp vanilla extract

Method:

Put the spread into a bowl, sieve the sugar on top. To combine, use a fork (or your hands). When combined, mix with a food processor until smooth and fluffy (approx. 5 min). Add the vanilla and the liquor. Mix again.

Pipe or spread on top of cupcakes, refrigerate.

If you feel the cream is too hard, add a few teaspoons of water (or more liquor…). If desired, a few drops of orange food coloring.

For a child friendly version, add orange extract and skip the liquor.

Enjoy!

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